Saturday, 27 July 2013

Lok Adalat

  • It was established in 1987 under the Legal Services Act (1987) of the Parliament. Hence, it is a statutory body.
  • LokAdalat is an alternativesystem of dispute resolution developed in India. It roughly means "People's court".
  •  The system of LokAdalats is an improvement and is based on the principles of Mahatma Gandhi.
  •  They are held periodically.
  •  These are usually presided over by retired judges, social activists, or other members of the legal profession.
  •  The LokAdalats can deal with all Civil Cases, Matrimonial Disputes, Land Disputes, Partition/Property Disputes, Labour Disputes etc., and compoundable criminal Cases.
  • The focus in LokAdalats is on compromise. When no compromise is reached, the matter goes back to the court. However, if a compromise is reached, an award is made and is binding on the parties.
  •  An important aspect is that the award is final and cannot be appealed, not even under Article 226 because it is a judgment by consent.
  • All proceedings of a LokAdalat are deemed to be judicial proceedings and every LokAdalat is deemed to be a Civil Court.

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